Обсуждение: Postgres replication: dump/restore, PITR, Slony,...?

От:
Shaul Dar
Дата:

Hi,

Our configuration is as follows:

1. A staging server, which receives new data and updates the DB
2. Two web servers that have copies of the DB (essentially read-only) and answer user queries (with load balancer)

Currently we use dump (to SQL file, i.e. pg_dump with no args) + file copy to replicate the DB daily between the staging and web servers, and then restore (via psql) the servers one at the time. In our application we expect that average daily change is only to 3% of the records. My question is what would be the best way to do this replication?

I read about continuous archiving and PITR. My understanding however (e.g. from this) is that I cannot do a base backup once and then e.g. apply WAL files on a daily basis, starting from yesterday's DB, but must instead redo the full base backup before starting recovery?

Then there are Slony-I, Buchardo, Mamoth Replicator from CMO, simple replication in Postgres 8.4 and other projects...

Suggestions?
Thanks,

-- Shaul
От:
Dimitri Fontaine
Дата:

Hi,

Shaul Dar <> writes:
> 1. A staging server, which receives new data and updates the DB
> 2. Two web servers that have copies of the DB (essentially read-only)
> and answer user queries (with load balancer)

[...]

> Suggestions?

I'd consider WAL Shipping for the staging server and some trigger based
asynchronous replication for feeding the web servers.

More specifically, I'd have a try at Skytools, using walmgr.py for WAL
Shipping and Londiste for replication.
  http://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Skytools
  http://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Londiste_Tutorial

Regards,
--
dim

От:
"Joshua D. Drake"
Дата:

>
> Then there are Slony-I, Buchardo, Mamoth Replicator from CMO, simple
> replication in Postgres 8.4 and other projects...

CMO? :)

Joshua D. Drake
>
> Suggestions?
> Thanks,
>
> -- Shaul
>
--
PostgreSQL - XMPP: 
   Consulting, Development, Support, Training
   503-667-4564 - http://www.commandprompt.com/
   The PostgreSQL Company, serving since 1997


От:
"Greg Sabino Mullane"
Дата:

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>> Then there are Slony-I, Buchardo, Mamoth Replicator from CMO, simple
>> replication in Postgres 8.4 and other projects...

> CMO? :)

Buchardo? :)


- --
Greg Sabino Mullane 
End Point Corporation
PGP Key: 0x14964AC8 200906111229
http://biglumber.com/x/web?pk=2529DF6AB8F79407E94445B4BC9B906714964AC8
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От:
"Joshua D. Drake"
Дата:

On Thu, 2009-06-11 at 16:30 +0000, Greg Sabino Mullane wrote:
> -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
> Hash: RIPEMD160
>
> >> Then there are Slony-I, Buchardo, Mamoth Replicator from CMO, simple
> >> replication in Postgres 8.4 and other projects...
>
> > CMO? :)
>
> Buchardo? :)

A new desert, Buchardo CMO:

Two shots of brandy
One shot of rum
Vanilla Ice cream
Cherries

Blend to perfection.

Joshua D. Drake

--
PostgreSQL - XMPP: 
   Consulting, Development, Support, Training
   503-667-4564 - http://www.commandprompt.com/
   The PostgreSQL Company, serving since 1997


От:
Shaul Dar
Дата:

All right, so I misspelled Bucardo (also Mammoth...), and the company's name is Command Prompt (please get someone to work on that incomprehensible logo - I went back and looked at it and still have no clue what it means :-).

Now how about some serious answers relating to my questions?

Dimitri, thanks for your answer. I don't need to replicate TO the staging server (this is where the changes happen) but rather FROM the staging server TO the Web (query) servers. I think my description wasn't clear enough. Currently the staging DB changes daily as new records are inserted to it (would have liked to use COPY instead, but I believe that's only useful for bulk loading the whole DB, not appending to it?). Those changes need to be reflected on the Web servers. Today this is done via dump-copy files-restore of the whole DB (we shut down each Web server DB while restoring it, obviously), and I we are looking for a better way.

I would truly appreciate specific suggestions and pointers/references ("some trigger based asynchronous replication" doesn't help much...).

Also is my understanding of PITR limitations correct?

Thanks,

-- Shaul

On Thu, Jun 11, 2009 at 7:32 PM, Joshua D. Drake <> wrote:
On Thu, 2009-06-11 at 16:30 +0000, Greg Sabino Mullane wrote:
> -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
> Hash: RIPEMD160
>
> >> Then there are Slony-I, Buchardo, Mamoth Replicator from CMO, simple
> >> replication in Postgres 8.4 and other projects...
>
> > CMO? :)
>
> Buchardo? :)

A new desert, Buchardo CMO:

Two shots of brandy
One shot of rum
Vanilla Ice cream
Cherries

Blend to perfection.

Joshua D. Drake


От:
"Greg Sabino Mullane"
Дата:

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Hash: RIPEMD160


> Currently we use dump (to SQL file, i.e. pg_dump with no args) + file copy
> to replicate the DB daily between the staging and web servers, and then
> restore (via psql) the servers one at the time. In our application we expect
> that average daily change is only to 3% of the records. My question is what
> would be the best way to do this replication?

Bucardo should handle this easy enough. Just install Bucardo, tell it about the
databases, tell it which tables to replicate, and start it up. If the tables
have unique indexes (e.g. PKs) you can use the 'pushdelta' type of sync, which
will copy rows as they change from the staging server to the web servers.
If the tables don't have unique indexes, you'll have to use the 'fullcopy'
sync type, which, as you might imagine, copies the entire table each time.

You can further control both of these to fire automatically when the data
on the staging server changes, or to only fire when you tell it to, e.g.
every X minutes, or based on some other criteria. You can also configure
how many of the web servers get pushed to at one time, from 1 up to
all of them.

- --
Greg Sabino Mullane 
End Point Corporation
PGP Key: 0x14964AC8 200906121509
http://biglumber.com/x/web?pk=2529DF6AB8F79407E94445B4BC9B906714964AC8
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