Re: wildcard search performance with "like"

От: Michael Riess
Тема: Re: wildcard search performance with "like"
Дата: ,
Msg-id: dqllgv$15j7$
(см: обсуждение, исходный текст)
Ответ на: wildcard search performance with "like"  (Yantao Shi)
Список: pgsql-performance

As far as I know the index is only used when you do a prefix search, for

col like 'xyz%'

I think that if you are looking for expressions such as 'A%B', you could
rephrase them like this:

col like 'A%' AND col like 'A%B'

So the database could use the index to narrow down the result and then
do a sequential search for the second condition.


Yantao Shi schrieb:
> Hi,
> I have a postges 8.1.1 table with over 29 million rows in it. The colunm
> (file_name) that I need to search on has entries like the following:
> MOD04_L2.A2005311.1400.004.2005312013848.hdf
> MYD04_L2.A2005311.0700.004.2005312013437.hdf
> I have an index on this column. But an index search is performance only
> when I give the full file_name for search:
> testdbspc=# explain select file_name from catalog where file_name =
> 'MOD04_L2.A2005311.1400.004.2005312013848.hdf';
> Index Scan using catalog_pk_idx on catalog  (cost=0.00..6.01 rows=1
> width=404)
>  Index Cond: (file_name =
> 'MOD04_L2.A2005311.1400.004.2005312013848.hdf'::bpchar)
> (2 rows)
> What I really need to do most of the time is a multi-wildcard search on
> this column, which is now doing a whole table scan without using the
> index at all:
> testdbspc=# explain select file_name from catalog where file_name like
> 'MOD04_L2.A2005311.%.004.2005312013%.hdf';
> Seq Scan on catalog  (cost=0.00..429.00 rows=1 width=404)
>  Filter: (file_name ~~ 'MOD04_L2.A2005311.%.004.2005312013%.hdf'::text)
> (2 rows)
> Obviously, the performance of the table scan on such a large table is
> not acceptable.
> I tried full-text indexing and searching. It did NOT work on this column
> because all the letters and numbers are linked together with "." and
> considered one big single word by to_tsvector.
> Any solutions for this column to use an index search with multiple wild
> cards?
> Thanks a lot,
> Yantao Shi
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