Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed

От: Scott Carey
Тема: Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed
Дата: ,
Msg-id: BDFBB77C9E07BE4A984DAAE981D19F961ACA17D9C9@EXVMBX018-1.exch018.msoutlookonline.net
(см: обсуждение, исходный текст)
Ответ на: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus")
Ответы: Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus")
Список: pgsql-performance

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Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )
 Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  (Scott Carey, )
  Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )
   Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Scott Marlowe", )
    Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  (Scott Carey, )
     Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )
     Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )
     Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Scott Marlowe", )
     Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )
      Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Greg Stark", )
 Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed  ("Andrus", )

The below query is spending most of its time in the sort, or perhaps the complicated check condition before it.
The explain has a 8 second gap in time between the 2.8 seconds after the Hash Left Join and before the Sort.  I'm
guessingits hidden in the sort. 

You can get the planner to switch from a sort to a hash aggregate with a large work_mem.  Try calling

SET work_mem = '100MB';

before this query first.

It may not help that much if the check time is as expensive as it looks in the plan below, but its very easy to try.
If it does help, you may want to temporarily increase that value only for this query rather than making it a default in
theconfig file. 
________________________________________
From:  [] On Behalf Of Andrus
[]
Sent: Friday, November 28, 2008 7:04 AM
To: 
Subject: [PERFORM] Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed

Group by using CHAR columns takes abnormally big time.

How to speed it ?

Andrus.

8.1.4, cluster locale is en-us, db encoding is utf-8

set search_path to firma2,public;
explain analyze SELECT
 CASE WHEN bilkaib.raha='EEK' THEN 0 ELSE bilkaib.id END,
 bilkaib.DB,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt1='+' THEN bilkaib.DBOBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS dbobjekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt2='+' THEN bilkaib.DB2OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db2objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt3='+' THEN bilkaib.DB3OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db3objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt4='+' THEN bilkaib.DB4OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db4objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt5='+' THEN bilkaib.DB5OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db5objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt6='+' THEN bilkaib.DB6OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db6objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt7='+' THEN bilkaib.DB7OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db7objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt8='+' THEN bilkaib.DB8OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db8objekt,
 CASE WHEN dbkonto.objekt9='+' THEN bilkaib.DB9OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS db9objekt,
 bilkaib.CR,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt1='+' THEN bilkaib.crOBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS crobjekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt2='+' THEN bilkaib.cr2OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr2objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt3='+' THEN bilkaib.cr3OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr3objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt4='+' THEN bilkaib.cr4OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr4objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt5='+' THEN bilkaib.cr5OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr5objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt6='+' THEN bilkaib.cr6OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr6objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt7='+' THEN bilkaib.cr7OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr7objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt8='+' THEN bilkaib.cr8OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr8objekt,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.objekt9='+' THEN bilkaib.cr9OBJEKT ELSE null END::
CHAR(10) AS cr9objekt,
 bilkaib.RAHA,
 CASE WHEN crkonto.klienkaupa OR dbkonto.klienkaupa OR crkonto.tyyp IN
('K','I') OR dbkonto.tyyp IN ('K','I')
 THEN  bilkaib.KLIENT ELSE NULL END AS klient,

 bilkaib.EXCHRATE,

 CASE WHEN crkonto.klienkaupa OR dbkonto.klienkaupa
   OR crkonto.tyyp IN ('K','I') OR dbkonto.tyyp IN ('K','I')
 THEN
   klient.nimi ELSE NULL END AS kliendinim,  -- 24.

 CAST(CASE WHEN crkonto.arvekaupa OR dbkonto.arvekaupa
   OR (bilkaib.cr<>'00' AND crkonto.tyyp='K')
   OR (bilkaib.db<>'00' AND dbkonto.tyyp='K')
 THEN bilkaib.doknr ELSE NULL END AS CHAR(25)) AS doknr

 ,bilkaib.ratediffer
 ,CASE WHEN bilkaib.raha='EEK' THEN DATE'20070101' ELSE bilkaib.kuupaev END
AS kuupaev

 ,SUM(bilkaib.summa)::numeric(14,2) AS summa
   from BILKAIB join KONTO CRKONTO ON bilkaib.cr=crkonto.kontonr AND
       crkonto.iseloom='A'
     join KONTO DBKONTO ON bilkaib.db=dbkonto.kontonr AND
       dbkonto.iseloom='A'
     left join klient on bilkaib.klient=klient.kood
   where  ( bilkaib.cr LIKE '112'||'%' OR bilkaib.db LIKE '112'||'%' ) AND
bilkaib.kuupaev BETWEEN '2007-01-01' AND '2008-11-26'
  GROUP BY
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28

"GroupAggregate  (cost=52316.23..61434.48 rows=41923 width=838) (actual
time=10771.337..11372.135 rows=577 loops=1)"
"  ->  Sort  (cost=52316.23..52421.03 rows=41923 width=838) (actual
time=10770.529..11012.651 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"        Sort Key: CASE WHEN (bilkaib.raha = 'EEK'::bpchar) THEN 0 ELSE
bilkaib.id END, bilkaib.db, (CASE WHEN (dbkonto.objekt1 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.dbobjekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(dbkonto.objekt2 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.db2objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (dbkonto.objekt3 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.db3objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(dbkonto.objekt4 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.db4objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (dbkonto.objekt5 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.db5objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(dbkonto.objekt6 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.db6objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (dbkonto.objekt7 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.db7objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(dbkonto.objekt8 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.db8objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (dbkonto.objekt9 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.db9objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), bilkaib.cr, (CASE
WHEN (crkonto.objekt1 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.crobjekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (crkonto.objekt2 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.cr2objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(crkonto.objekt3 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.cr3objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (crkonto.objekt4 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.cr4objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(crkonto.objekt5 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.cr5objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (crkonto.objekt6 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.cr6objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(crkonto.objekt7 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.cr7objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN (crkonto.objekt8 = '+'::bpchar) THEN
bilkaib.cr8objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(10), (CASE WHEN
(crkonto.objekt9 = '+'::bpchar) THEN bilkaib.cr9objekt ELSE NULL::bpchar
END)::character(10), bilkaib.raha, CASE WHEN ((crkonto.klienkaupa)::boolean
OR (dbkonto.klienkaupa)::boolean OR (crkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar) OR
(crkonto.tyyp = 'I'::bpchar) OR (dbkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar) OR
(dbkonto.tyyp = 'I'::bpchar)) THEN bilkaib.klient ELSE NULL::bpchar END,
bilkaib.exchrate, CASE WHEN ((crkonto.klienkaupa)::boolean OR
(dbkonto.klienkaupa)::boolean OR (crkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar) OR
(crkonto.tyyp = 'I'::bpchar) OR (dbkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar) OR
(dbkonto.tyyp = 'I'::bpchar)) THEN klient.nimi ELSE NULL::bpchar END, (CASE
WHEN ((crkonto.arvekaupa)::boolean OR (dbkonto.arvekaupa)::boolean OR
((bilkaib.cr <> '00'::bpchar) AND (crkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar)) OR
((bilkaib.db <> '00'::bpchar) AND (dbkonto.tyyp = 'K'::bpchar))) THEN
bilkaib.doknr ELSE NULL::bpchar END)::character(25), bilkaib.ratediffer,
CASE WHEN (bilkaib.raha = 'EEK'::bpchar) THEN '2007-01-01'::date ELSE
bilkaib.kuupaev END"
"        ->  Hash Left Join  (cost=936.48..40184.64 rows=41923 width=838)
(actual time=46.000..2820.944 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"              Hash Cond: ("outer".klient = "inner".kood)"
"              ->  Hash Join  (cost=785.35..34086.74 rows=41923 width=764)
(actual time=34.547..1563.790 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"                    Hash Cond: ("outer".cr = "inner".kontonr)"
"                    ->  Hash Join  (cost=764.26..33403.76 rows=48533
width=712) (actual time=32.069..1082.505 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"                          Hash Cond: ("outer".db = "inner".kontonr)"
"                          ->  Bitmap Heap Scan on bilkaib
(cost=743.17..32616.41 rows=56185 width=660) (actual time=29.652..518.289
rows=52156 loops=1)"
"                                Recheck Cond: ((cr ~~ '112%'::text) OR (db
~~ '112%'::text))"
"                                Filter: (((cr ~~ '112%'::text) OR (db ~~
'112%'::text)) AND (kuupaev >= '2007-01-01'::date) AND (kuupaev <=
'2008-11-26'::date))"
"                                ->  BitmapOr  (cost=743.17..743.17
rows=65862 width=0) (actual time=26.539..26.539 rows=0 loops=1)"
"                                      ->  Bitmap Index Scan on
bilkaib_cr_pattern_idx  (cost=0.00..236.63 rows=20939 width=0) (actual
time=8.510..8.510 rows=21028 loops=1)"
"                                            Index Cond: ((cr ~>=~
'112'::bpchar) AND (cr ~<~ '113'::bpchar))"
"                                      ->  Bitmap Index Scan on
bilkaib_db_pattern_idx  (cost=0.00..506.54 rows=44923 width=0) (actual
time=18.013..18.013 rows=45426 loops=1)"
"                                            Index Cond: ((db ~>=~
'112'::bpchar) AND (db ~<~ '113'::bpchar))"
"                          ->  Hash  (cost=20.49..20.49 rows=241 width=66)
(actual time=2.375..2.375 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                                ->  Seq Scan on konto dbkonto
(cost=0.00..20.49 rows=241 width=66) (actual time=0.011..1.207 rows=241
loops=1)"
"                                      Filter: (iseloom = 'A'::bpchar)"
"                    ->  Hash  (cost=20.49..20.49 rows=241 width=66) (actual
time=2.451..2.451 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                          ->  Seq Scan on konto crkonto  (cost=0.00..20.49
rows=241 width=66) (actual time=0.022..1.259 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                                Filter: (iseloom = 'A'::bpchar)"
"              ->  Hash  (cost=147.90..147.90 rows=1290 width=90) (actual
time=11.371..11.371 rows=1290 loops=1)"
"                    ->  Seq Scan on klient  (cost=0.00..147.90 rows=1290
width=90) (actual time=0.009..5.587 rows=1290 loops=1)"
"Total runtime: 11380.437 ms"


If group by is removed same query runs 8 times (!) faster:

set search_path to firma2,public;
explain analyze SELECT
 SUM(bilkaib.summa)::numeric(14,2) AS summa
   from BILKAIB join KONTO CRKONTO ON bilkaib.cr=crkonto.kontonr AND
       crkonto.iseloom='A'
     join KONTO DBKONTO ON bilkaib.db=dbkonto.kontonr AND
       dbkonto.iseloom='A'
     left join klient on bilkaib.klient=klient.kood
   where  ( bilkaib.cr LIKE '112'||'%' OR bilkaib.db LIKE '112'||'%' ) AND
bilkaib.kuupaev BETWEEN '2007-01-01' AND '2008-11-26'

"Aggregate  (cost=34944.27..34944.28 rows=1 width=11) (actual
time=1781.456..1781.460 rows=1 loops=1)"
"  ->  Hash Left Join  (cost=936.48..34839.46 rows=41923 width=11) (actual
time=41.194..1545.105 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"        Hash Cond: ("outer".klient = "inner".kood)"
"        ->  Hash Join  (cost=785.35..34086.74 rows=41923 width=27) (actual
time=30.372..1120.431 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"              Hash Cond: ("outer".cr = "inner".kontonr)"
"              ->  Hash Join  (cost=764.26..33403.76 rows=48533 width=41)
(actual time=28.168..710.336 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"                    Hash Cond: ("outer".db = "inner".kontonr)"
"                    ->  Bitmap Heap Scan on bilkaib  (cost=743.17..32616.41
rows=56185 width=55) (actual time=25.970..294.638 rows=52156 loops=1)"
"                          Recheck Cond: ((cr ~~ '112%'::text) OR (db ~~
'112%'::text))"
"                          Filter: (((cr ~~ '112%'::text) OR (db ~~
'112%'::text)) AND (kuupaev >= '2007-01-01'::date) AND (kuupaev <=
'2008-11-26'::date))"
"                          ->  BitmapOr  (cost=743.17..743.17 rows=65862
width=0) (actual time=23.056..23.056 rows=0 loops=1)"
"                                ->  Bitmap Index Scan on
bilkaib_cr_pattern_idx  (cost=0.00..236.63 rows=20939 width=0) (actual
time=7.414..7.414 rows=21028 loops=1)"
"                                      Index Cond: ((cr ~>=~ '112'::bpchar)
AND (cr ~<~ '113'::bpchar))"
"                                ->  Bitmap Index Scan on
bilkaib_db_pattern_idx  (cost=0.00..506.54 rows=44923 width=0) (actual
time=15.627..15.627 rows=45426 loops=1)"
"                                      Index Cond: ((db ~>=~ '112'::bpchar)
AND (db ~<~ '113'::bpchar))"
"                    ->  Hash  (cost=20.49..20.49 rows=241 width=14) (actual
time=2.164..2.164 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                          ->  Seq Scan on konto dbkonto  (cost=0.00..20.49
rows=241 width=14) (actual time=0.012..1.205 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                                Filter: (iseloom = 'A'::bpchar)"
"              ->  Hash  (cost=20.49..20.49 rows=241 width=14) (actual
time=2.177..2.177 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                    ->  Seq Scan on konto crkonto  (cost=0.00..20.49
rows=241 width=14) (actual time=0.019..1.203 rows=241 loops=1)"
"                          Filter: (iseloom = 'A'::bpchar)"
"        ->  Hash  (cost=147.90..147.90 rows=1290 width=16) (actual
time=10.782..10.782 rows=1290 loops=1)"
"              ->  Seq Scan on klient  (cost=0.00..147.90 rows=1290
width=16) (actual time=0.009..5.597 rows=1290 loops=1)"
"Total runtime: 1781.673 ms"


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Сообщение: Re: Increasing GROUP BY CHAR columns speed