Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance

От: Mark Kirkwood
Тема: Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance
Дата: ,
Msg-id: 429FF4AA.7090200@paradise.net.nz
(см: обсуждение, исходный текст)
Ответ на: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning)  (Paul McGarry)
Ответы: Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning)  ("Martin Fandel")
Список: pgsql-performance

Скрыть дерево обсуждения

postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )
 Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (John A Meinel, )
  Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )
 Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (Cosimo Streppone, )
  Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (Mark Kirkwood, )
   Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (Cosimo Streppone, )
    Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (Mark Kirkwood, )
   SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning)  (Paul McGarry, )
    Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance  (Mark Kirkwood, )
     Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning)  ("Martin Fandel", )
      Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance  (Mark Kirkwood, )
       Re: SHMMAX / SHMALL Was (Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning)  ("Martin Fandel", )
  Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Steinar H. Gunderson", )
   Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  (Cosimo Streppone, )
   Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )
   Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )
    Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )
     Re: postgresql-8.0.1 performance tuning  ("Martin Fandel", )

Paul McGarry wrote:

> Based on the powerpostgresql.com Performance Checklist [1]  and
> Annotated Postgresql.conf [2] I understand that:
> -I should have less than 1/3 of my total memory as shared_buffers
> -For my server 15000 is a fairly reasonable starting point for
> shared_buffers which is ~120MB
> -I have 100 max_connections.
>
> So I was going to set SHMMAX to 134217728 (ie 128 Meg)
>
> What should SHMALL be?
>
> The current system values are
> postgres@localhost:~/data$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
> 33554432
> postgres@localhost:~/data$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
> 2097152
>
> ie SHMALL seems to be 1/16 of SHMMAX
>

No - shmall is in 4k pages _ so this amounts to 8G! This is fine -
unless you wish to decrease it in order to prevent too many shared
memory applications running.

BTW - the docs have been amended for 8.1 to suggest shmmax=134217728 and
shmall=2097152 (was going to point you at them - but I cannot find them
on the Postgresql site anymore...).

There seems to be some longstanding confusion in the Linux community
about the units for shmall (some incorrect documentation from Oracle on
the issue does not help I am sure....) - to the point where I downloaded
kernel source to check (reproducing here):


linux-2.6.11.1/include/linux/shm.h:13->

#define SHMMAX 0x2000000         /* max shared seg size (bytes) */
#define SHMMIN 1             /* min shared seg size (bytes) */
#define SHMMNI 4096          /* max num of segs system wide */
#define SHMALL (SHMMAX/PAGE_SIZE*(SHMMNI/16)) /* max shm system wide
(pages) */
#define SHMSEG SHMMNI


Hope that helps

Best wishes

Mark


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