Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences

От: fkater@googlemail.com
Тема: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences
Дата: ,
Msg-id: 20100313211742.GC2178@comppasch2
(см: обсуждение, исходный текст)
Ответы: Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Dave Crooke)
Список: pgsql-performance

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Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  ("", )
 Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Dave Crooke, )
  Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  ("", )
   Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  ("Kevin Grittner", )
 Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (VJK, )
  Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  ("Kevin Grittner", )
   Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (VJK, )
  Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Greg Smith, )
   Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Tom Lane, )
    Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Matthew Wakeling, )
    Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (VJK, )
   Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (VJK, )
 Re: Deleting bytea, autovacuum, and 8.2/8.4 differences  (Tom Lane, )

Hi all,

my posting on 2010-01-14 about the performance when writing
bytea to disk caused a longer discussion. While the fact
still holds that the overall postgresql write performance is
roughly 25% of the serial I/O disk performance this was
compensated for my special use case here by doing some other
non-postgresql related things in parallel.

Now I cannot optimize my processes any further, however, now
I am facing another quite unexpected performance issue:
Deleting rows from my simple table (with the bytea column)
having 16 MB data each, takes roughly as long as writing
them!

Little more detail:

* The table just has 5 unused int columns, a timestamp,
OIDs, and the bytea column, no indices; the bytea storage
type is 'extended', the 16 MB are compressed to approx. the
half.

* All the usual optimizations are done to reach better
write through (pg_xlog on another disk, much tweaks to the
server conf etc), however, this does not matter here, since
not the absolute performance is of interest here but the
fact that deleting roughly takes 100% of the writing time.

* I need to write 15 rows of 16 MB each to disk in a maximum
time of 15 s, which is performed here in roughly 10 seconds,
however, now I am facing the problem that keeping my
database tidy (deleting rows) takes another 5-15 s (10s on
average), so my process exceeds the maximum time of 15s for
about 5s.

* Right now I am deleting like this:

DELETE FROM table WHERE (CURRENT_TIMESTAMP -
my_timestamp_column) > interval '2 minutes';

while it is planned to have the interval set to 6 hours in
the final version (thus creating a FIFO buffer for the
latest 6 hours of inserted data; so the FIFO will keep
approx.  10.000 rows spanning 160-200 GB data).

* This deletion SQL command was simply repeatedly executed
by pgAdmin while my app kept adding the 16 MB rows.

* Autovacuum is on; I believe I need to keep it on,
otherwise I do not free the disk space, right? If I switch
it off, the deletion time reduces from the average 10s down
to 4s.

* I am using server + libpq version 8.2.4, currently on
WinXP. Will an upgrade to 8.4 help here?

Do you have any other ideas to help me out?
Oh, please...

Thank You
 Felix






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